Schematic Diagrams & Symbols, Electrical Circuits - Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, Diodes, & LEDs



How to Draw the Schematic Diagram of the Brayton Cycle

Steps

Learn the Symbols of the Basic Components of the Cycle

  1. Draw the gas turbine.The gas turbine is the component that produces mechanical power from the gases that circulate through the system. It is represented by an isosceles trapezoid. This looks like the side view of a funnel where the area goes larger from left to right. This shows that the gas expands as it goes through the turbine.
  2. Draw the compressor.This components compresses the gas to a higher pressure. This is represented by an isosceles trapezoid like the turbine; however, the area goes smaller from left to right to show the compression of the gas.
  3. Draw the combustion chamber.This is where the gas is heated to a higher temperature via combustion. It is simply represented by a rectangle. Label it as "Combustion Chamber" or "CC".
  4. Draw the heat exchanger.A heat exchanger can be used to add or remove heat from the gas; it may be classified as a gas heater or gas cooler. It is represented by a rectangle with zigzag lines inside. The zigzag lines look like how a resistor is represented in circuit diagrams.
  5. Practice drawing the components.Now that you have learned how to draw the components, you are now ready to arrange them to draw the different types of the Brayton Cycle: direct-open, direct-closed, indirect-open, and indirect-closed.

Draw the Direct-Open Brayton Cycle

  1. Select the required components.To draw the direct-open Brayton cycle, you need the compressor, combustion chamber and gas turbine. Direct means that the heat is directly added to the gas, so there is no need for a gas heater. Open means that after the gas is expanded in the turbine, it is rejected to the environment, so there is no need for a gas cooler.
  2. Draw the compressor.Place it at the left side, leave some space at the top of your drawing area.
  3. Draw the combustion chamber.Place it at the top center of your paper.
  4. Draw the gas turbine.Place it at the right side, align it with the compressor.
  5. Connect the components.Draw lines that connect the three components. Also, draw lines to denote the entry to the compressor and the exit from the turbine.
  6. Draw arrowheads.This shows how the gas goes through the cycle.

Draw the Direct-Closed Brayton Cycle

  1. Select the required components.You need the compressor, combustion chamber, gas turbine and gas cooler. A closed Brayton cycle means that the gas leaving the gas turbine is recirculated. Therefore, a gas cooler is needed to cool down the gas before it re-enters the compressor.
  2. Draw the compressor, combustion chamber and gas turbine.Place them at the same positions in Part 2.
  3. Draw the gas cooler.Place it below the three previous components, at the middle of the paper.
  4. Connect the components with lines.
  5. Draw arrowheads.

Draw the Indirect-Open Brayton Cycle

  1. Select the required components.You need the compressor, combustion chamber, gas turbine and gas heater. An indirect Brayton cycle means that the combustion chamber indirectly heats up the gas; a heat exchanger/gas heater delivers this heat instead.
  2. Draw the compressor.Place this at the left, leave some space at the top that is enough for two components.
  3. Draw the gas heater.Place this at the original position of the combustion chamber in Part 2.
  4. Draw the combustion chamber.Place this at the top of the gas heater.
  5. Draw the gas turbine.Place this at the right, aligned with the compressor.
  6. Connect the components with lines.
  7. Draw arrowheads.

Draw the Indirect-Closed Brayton Cycle.

  1. Select the required components.You need the compressor, combustion chamber, gas turbine, gas heater and gas cooler.
  2. Draw the compressor, combustion chamber, gas turbine and gas heater.Place them at the same positions in Part 4.
  3. Draw the gas cooler.Place it below the four components, similar to its position in Part 3.
  4. Connect the components with lines.
  5. Draw arrowheads.





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Date: 15.12.2018, 06:29 / Views: 62542