How to select good Holstein Friesian cow



How to Identify Holstein Cattle

Holstein Cattle is the breed of cattle that most people think of when they are referring to a cow. Holstein Cattle is the number one breed of cows for producing milk and beef. This article will teach you how to identify Holstein Cattle.

Steps

  1. Study the characteristics of the breed.Note the following:
    • Colouration:Most Holsteins are black-and-white. This colour pattern always is patchy, with big black, rounded patches over the animal's body. Some Holsteins may be more white than black than others, and other Holsteins may be more black than white than others. Occasionally you may see a cow that will be all black with very little white in her, or be all white with very little to no black on her.
      • There are actually exceptions to the black-and-white colouration here. There is a recessive gene in Holsteins (just like in Angus cattle) that can make a cow red-and-white. Red Holsteins are actually shunned by many Holstein breed associations because they are not considered a "pure" breed as the "real" B&W Holsteins are. However, a Red Holstein can be just as good a milk producer as her black relatives. You may be lucky to see one or two Red Holsteins in with a herd of B&W cows if you drive by a dairy farm.
    • Body type and characteristics:Holsteins are a dairy breed. Dairy cattle are always thinner and more angular than beef cattle. Holsteins, like all dairy breeds, have more angle over the hips, tail-head and shoulders than beef breeds. A lot of Holsteins will look more fine-boned than other beef breeds like Herefords because they lack the muscling ability of your typical beef cow. Holsteins show more bone and less fat and muscle because they have been specifically selected to produce milk, not beef. Holsteins have what are called "funnel-butts;" this means that, from the pin bones (of the hips) to the hocks, the hind quarters form a funnel-type angle from the pelvis to the legs; this is quite evident when looking at an animal from the side. Being "funnel-butted" means that these animals, as was mentioned before, lack muscling over the hind quarters. Another characteristic that is typical of all dairy breeds is the huge udder between their back legs.
    • Head characteristics:A Holstein cow's head is quite long. The long nose bridge gives this look, and is quite unmistakable when comparing to other dairy breeds like Jersey. Holsteins are a naturally horned breed, so you will often see as many horned (more de-horned than horned!) as polled cows.
    • Other characteristics:Holsteins are originally from the Netherlands, a country that is known for producing large quantities of milk, much more than any country in Europe. Holstein-Friesians are the highest-quantity producing dairy cow in the world, and are thus far more commonly sought-after and used in commercial dairy operations across the world. It is known that Holsteins are capable of producing as much as 50 gallons (189.3 L) of milk per day! Holsteins are actually the largest dairy breed used in dairy operations, a little bigger than Brown Swiss, and more so than Jersey, Ayrshire, Guernsey, Randall and Canadian breeds. A mature cow can weigh around and over 1500 lbs.
  2. Memorize the details and characteristics of Holsteins.
  3. Go on a field trip or road trip and see if you can find farms and ranches with Holstein cattle.Take pictures of what you thought were Holstein cattle, and compare them with pictures of Holstein-Friesians on the Internet and in your Cattle breeds book. Holsteins are actually one of the easiest breeds to classify, because their black-and-white coloration is made legendary among the media, cow-related merchandise and the entertainment industry almost everywhere. When you see a black-and-white cow like that pictured above in Step 1, you will know for sure it's a Holstein.

Community Q&A

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  • Question
    How much milk do they produce?
    Top Answerer
    Holsteins produce around 8 - 10 gallons of milk per day.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Do the red and white Holsteins produce any more butter fat in the milk than the black and white?
    Top Answerer
    No. Both produce the same amount of butter fat.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What color are their eyes?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Their eyes are generally dark brown. It's extremely rare for Holsteins to have blue eyes.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What is unique about the skeletal anatomy of a Holstein cow?
    Top Answerer
    There isn't much unique with a Holstein compared with other breeds. The only unique trait is the longer muzzle.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    How do I increase milk in HF cows?
    Top Answerer
    Feed better-quality forages, and also forages that stimulate chewing and rumination. Consult a dairy nutritionist for more information.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    What vaccination program should I follow for my Holstein Fresian cattle?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Please see your local veterinarian for specific information.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Is there another black-and-white dairy cow that looks like a Holstein?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Different crossbred animals have the colors of Holsteins, but their body patches are not the same.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Would a Holstien/Boran be a good crossbreed?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    No, they would not be a good crossbreed.
    Thanks!
  • Question
    Where can I get this breed in India?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    Local farms that have Holstein cattle bred and adapted to the area are the best places to get cattle of this breed in India.
    Thanks!
Unanswered Questions
  • Where can I buy Holstein cattle?
  • Does a registered Holstein need to have 4 white feet?
  • How can I tell Holsteins and Fresians apart?
  • What type of food and minerals are required for Holstein every day?
  • What other cows can Holstein cattle be compared to?
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  • It should be very easy to spot and find some Holsteins. They are very popular in North America, and can be found in many other parts of the world. Their black-and-white colour pattern is very unique to this breed.

Warnings

  • Dairy bulls areextremelydangerous, much more so than beef bulls are, so do not wonder into a pasture with Holstein cows in it if you see a bull in there. Dairy bulls have been known to cause more fatalities on farms than any other breed or type of bovine.





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Date: 01.12.2018, 11:30 / Views: 61435